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丝光棉的成分是什么?

来源:http://www.ymsfs.com 日期:2021-12-24 发布人:meidesen      

丝光棉面料一般是含棉的,但含量可以是100%棉、部分棉混纺其他成分,如聚酯纤维(涤纶)、尼龙(锦纶)、氨纶等成分。即使是不含棉纤维的丝光面料也不少见。
Mercerized cotton fabric generally contains cotton, but the content can be 100% cotton, some cotton blended with other components, such as polyester fiber (polyester), nylon (nylon), spandex and so on. Even mercerized fabrics without cotton fiber are not uncommon.
丝光棉面料并非不能含有其他成分,因为其他成分的加入可以提高弹性、挺阔度、手感等,这是面料风格设计需要考虑的问题。织物收缩率、纬向偏差等,需要其他纤维成分的加入来改善,这是织物内在测试指标的需要。
Mercerized cotton fabric can not contain other components, because the addition of other components can improve elasticity, width and hand feel, which is a problem to be considered in fabric style design. Fabric shrinkage and weft deviation need to be improved by adding other fiber components, which is the need of fabric internal test indicators.
丝光棉的成分
Composition of mercerized cotton
丝光棉面料是以棉花为原料,经精纺制成高支梭织纱线,再经过烧毛、丝光等特殊加工工序,制成亮丽、光洁、柔软、抗皱的优质丝光纱线。用这种原料制成的优质针织面料,极大保留了原棉的优良自然特性,还增加了光泽度与手感。
Mercerized cotton fabric is made of high count woven yarn from cotton through worsted spinning, and then made into bright, smooth, soft and wrinkle resistant high-quality mercerized yarn through special processing processes such as singeing and mercerization. The high-quality knitted fabric made of this raw material not only retains the excellent natural characteristics of raw cotton, but also increases the gloss and hand feel.

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丝光棉和纯棉的区别
Difference between mercerized cotton and pure cotton
结构性能:纯棉横截面为不规则椭圆形,丝光棉横截面为圆形。纯棉的纵截面自然扭曲,丝光棉的表面皱纹消失,变得光滑。
Structure and performance: the cross section of pure cotton is irregular oval, and the cross section of mercerized cotton is circular. The longitudinal section of pure cotton is naturally distorted, and the surface wrinkles of mercerized cotton disappear and become smooth.
物理性能:丝光棉光泽度优于纯棉(丝光后表面光滑,光的漫反射少),强度高于纯棉(自然扭曲消失,纤维排列紧密,抱合力增加),尺寸稳定性高于纯棉(纤维素分子重排,消除原有内应力)。
Physical properties: the glossiness of mercerized cotton is better than that of pure cotton (the surface is smooth after mercerization, and the diffuse reflection of light is less), the strength is higher than that of pure cotton (the natural distortion disappears, the fibers are closely arranged, and the holding force increases), and the dimensional stability is higher than that of pure cotton (cellulose molecular rearrangement, eliminating the original internal stress).
化学性能:丝光棉的反应性提高(无定形区增大,羟基随着主价键的转动由不可及变为可及),对水、碘、氢氧化钡和染料的吸附能力大于纯棉。
Chemical properties: the reactivity of mercerized cotton is improved (the amorphous region increases, and the hydroxyl group changes from inaccessible to accessible with the rotation of the main valence bond). The adsorption capacity of mercerized cotton for water, iodine, barium hydroxide and dyes is greater than that of pure cotton.
其实丝光棉也是属于纯棉,只是比纯棉多了一个丝光工艺,这是工艺上的区别。丝光棉一般用于制作高档POLO衫和T恤,所以使用的面料一般是新疆棉和高档美棉,纯棉是普通棉,这是原料的区别。
In fact, mercerized cotton also belongs to pure cotton, but there is a mercerization process more than pure cotton, which is the difference in technology. Mercerized cotton is generally used to make high-grade polo shirts and T-shirts, so the fabrics used are generally Xinjiang cotton and high-grade American cotton, and pure cotton is ordinary cotton, which is the difference of raw materials.
丝光棉和纯棉的区别
Difference between mercerized cotton and pure cotton
由于面料工艺的不同,原料不同,其特点也不同。通过比较丝光棉和纯棉各自的特点,不难区分两者。首先,纯棉面料舒适、透气、手感柔软,但是纯棉的种类很多,比如精梳棉、粗梳棉。然而,它们的缺点是长期磨损后容易起皱和变形。丝光棉不仅包含了纯棉的所有优点,更重要的是,丝光棉是棉面料的升级产品,不仅手感好,穿着舒适,而且光泽度好、挺度好、抗皱性好、透气性好,长期穿着不变形。
Due to different fabric processes and raw materials, their characteristics are also different. By comparing the characteristics of mercerized cotton and pure cotton, it is not difficult to distinguish them. First of all, pure cotton fabric is comfortable, breathable and soft, but there are many kinds of pure cotton, such as combed cotton and rough combed cotton. However, their biggest disadvantage is that they are easy to wrinkle and deform after long-term wear. Mercerized cotton not only contains all the advantages of pure cotton, but more importantly, mercerized cotton is an upgraded product of cotton fabric. It not only has good hand feeling and comfortable wearing, but also has good gloss, stiffness, wrinkle resistance, good air permeability and no deformation for long-term wearing.
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